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-able (capable of being) – manageable -ful (full of) – boastful -ic – energetic -ive (capable of being) – attractive -ant – hesitant -ible (like -able) – permissible -(i)an (historical period, etc.) – Victorian -ish (having the quantity of) – foolish, reddish -ly (having this quantity) - friendly -ous – humorous -al – occasional -less (lack of) - careless Suffixes
un- - uncooked, unimaginable in- - inhuman, incapable il- - illegal, illegibale im- - immoral, impractical dis- - dishonest, disagreeable ir- - irresponsible, irregular Prefixes & Compound Adjectives Compound adjectives as a rule refer to: age – a three-year-old building volume – a two-litre car length – a twelve-inch ruler price – a $50 dress (a fifty-dollar dress) weight – a five-kilo bag area – a fifty-acre farm duration – a four-hour meeting depth – a six-foot hole time/distance – a ten-minute walk
Supply the right adjective forms for the italicized words. 2. manageable 7. boastful 3. hesitant 8. permissible 4. energetic 9. humorous 5. Victorian 6. reddish I’m attracted by this scheme. I find it very attractive. A class of forty can be managed. It’s just about _________. I know I hesitated before agreeing. I couldn’t help being _________. I don’t know where you find all that energy. You’re tremendously ______. This piece of furniture was made in the reign of Victoria. It’s __________. I don’t know how to describe the colour of the sky. It’s almost red, sort of _______. I’ve never met anyone who boasts as he does. He’s extremely ________. What level of radiation can be permitted? How much radiation is ______. The story is full of humour. I’ve rarely read anything that’s so _________.
adjectives comparative superlative One syllable & some two syllable words ending in: -y, -er, -ow, -le hot large narrow simple … + -er the … + est hotter, larger, narrower, simpler the hottest, the largest, the narrowest, the simplest Two- or more syllable words beautiful interesting more + … the most + … more beautiful, more interesting the most beautiful, the most interesting adjectives comparative superlative Irregular forms good better the best bad worse the worst little less the least many much more the most old older elder the oldest The eldest far farther further the farthest the furthest late later the latest the last
Give the comparative and superlative of the following adjectives Polite, happy, glad, complete, grey, honourable, shy, dry, just, free, recent, merry, uncomfortable, joyful, hot, thin, accurate, narrow, real, sweet, right, wicked, yellow, cozy, merciful, bad, fat, cheap, big, clumsy, stupid; far, miserable, narrow, virtuous, simple, regular, expensive, low, deep, sad, significant, bitter, intimate, lazy, old, serious, tiny, clever, little, considerate, good, much, dark, beautiful, dear, fit.
Choose the right form in these sentences. In some sentences both forms are right. Is your house much (further/farther)? Who is the (oldest/eldest) in the class? Your driving is (worse/worst) than mine. It’s the (less/lesser) of two evils. Have you heard the (last/latest) news? We have no (further/farther) information. Jane Sommers writes (good/well). His (latest/last) words were: “The end”. This is the town’s (oldest/eldest) house. My flat is (littler/smaller) than yours.
Choose the right form in these sentences. In some sentences both forms are right. I’ve got (less/lesser) than you. Jane is (older/elder) than I am. This is the (more/most) expensive. His English is (best/better) than mine. It’s the (better/best) in the shop. It’s the (furthest/farthest) point west. It’s the (oldest/eldest) tree in the country. She’s my (older/elder) sister. I’ve got the (least/less)! You’ve got the (more/most)!
Complete the sentences with the words from the box using the proper degree. She is easy to deal with. I think she is ___ than her sister. I suppose the works of this artist are ___ abroad than in his country. This armchair is ___ of all. He knows a lot. He is ___ than his schoolmates. Let’s take this path. It’s ___. The street you live in is ___ than mine. Days are getting ___ in July. He made ___ mistakes in his class. busy few famous convenient well-read kind-hearted straight hot more kind-hearted (kinder-hearted) more famous the most convenient better-read (more well-read) straighter /the straightest busier hotter the fewest
Make up sentences using ‘as… as’ and the words given. Model: This book is as interesting as that one. Jane, Ann, charming. He, I, tall. Michael, his brother, strong. The sitting room, the dining room, large. The ice-ream, the cake, delicious. This report, your report, interesting. Our car, their car, good. His stories, his jokes, funny. Your job, his, essential. Her new hat, her skirt, trendy.
Make up sentences using ‘not so… as’ and the words given. Model: My mother is not so tall as my father. The bus, the train, fast. My flat, her flat, big. His voice, Caruso’s, brilliant. The pond, the river, deep. Your typing, hers, fast. This lecture, that lecture, interesting. This garden, that garden, new. His article, her article, long. Today, yesterday, warm. My cat, yours, naughty.
Change the sentences according to the given model. Model: This book costs $4 and that one costs $2. – This book costs twice as much as that one. Nick has 8CDs and I have 24 CDs. This TV model costs $700 and that one $350. It took me 40 minutes and her 10 minutes to get there. I earn $2000 and she earns $1000. This room is 12m2 and that one is 242. I have three times as many CDs as Nick has. This TV model costs twice as much as that one. It took me four times as long to get there as it took her. I earn twice as much as she does. This room is twice as little as that one.
Use a bit/a little/much/a lot/far to complete the sentences. Use than where necessary. It’s ___today ___ it was yesterday. (a little/warm) You’re driving too fast. Can you drive ___? (a bit/slowly) I prefer this armchair. It’s ___ the other one. (much/comfortable). You looked depressed this morning but you look ___ now. (a bit/happy) This flat is too small for me. I need something ___. (much/big) It’s ___ to learn a foreign language in the country where it is spoken. (a lot/easy) … a little warmer today than… … a bit more slowly … far more interesting than… … much more comfortable than… … a bit happier. … much bigger. … a lot easier.
Match two parts (A and B) to make sentences with ‘the… the…’. The earlier we leave, the sooner we’ll arrive. The longer he waited, the more impatient he became. The more I got to know him, the more I liked him. The more you practise English, the faster you’ll learn. The longer the telephone call, the more you have to pay. The more goods you sell, the more profit you’ll make. A B the earlier we leave the faster you’ll learn the longer he waited the more you have to pay the more I got to know him the sooner we’ll arrive the more you practise English the more profit you’ll make the longer the telephone call the more impatient he became the more goods you sell the more I liked him
Sometimes we use two or more adjectives together: There was a beautiful large round table in the kitchen. Adjectives like new, large, round, wooden are FACT adjectives. They give objective information about age, size, colour, etc. Adjectives like nice, beautiful are OPINION adjectives. They tell us what someone thinks of something. opinion fact noun A nice sunny day delicious hot soup An intelligent young man A beautiful large round wooden table
Fact adjectives How big? How old? What colour? Where from? What is it made of? Noun A tall young - - - man big - blue - - eyes A small - black - plastic bag A large - - French wooden table - An old - Russian - song
opinion size age shape colour from where made of noun noun Example: An expensive old round Victorian handmade oak table Summary
Put the adjectives in brackets in the correct position an unusual ring (gold) an old lady (nice) a good-looking man (young) a modern house (attractive) black gloves (leather) an American film (old) a large nose (red) a sunny day (lovely) a hot bath (nice) an ugly dress (orange) a red car (old/little) a metal box (black/small) a little village (old/lovely) long hair (fair/beautiful) an old painting (interesting/French) an unusual gold ring a nice old lady a good-looking young man an attractive modern house black leather gloves an old American film a large red nose a lovely sunny day a nice hot bath an ugly orange dress a little old red car a small black metal box a lovely little village beautiful long fair hair an interesting old French painting
Put the following adjectives into the correct order suede/Italian/new/red/soft/shoes elderly/tall/Englishman oval/Venetian/ancient/valuable/glass shiny/large/expensive/brown/leather/case square/wooden/old/nice/table modern/stone/large/beautiful/cottage porcelain/tea/blue/thin/old/cup young/blonde/handsome/tall/man old/several/English/beautiful/castles pretty/French/young/a lot of/girls dark blue/best/silk/my/shirt young/many/factory/German/workers new soft red Italian suede shoes a tall elderly Englishman valuable ancient oval Venetian glass an expensive shiny large brown leather case a nice old square wooden table a modern beautiful large stone cottage an old thin blue porcelain tea cup a handsome tall young blonde man several beautiful old English castles a lot of pretty young French girls my best dark blue silk shirt many young German factory workers
Авторская страничка Список источников: English Grammar, Drozdova T., Mailova M., СПб, Триада, 1997 Романова Л., Практическая грамматика английского языка, М., Айрис Пресс, 2008 Картинки: http://www.1zoom.ru/big2/28/178434-yana.jpg http://www.1zoom.ru/big2/12/115180-ilonka.jpg http://www.1zoom.ru/big2/13/115602-YANA.jpg http://www.1zoom.ru/big2/98/177847-yana.jpg http://www.1zoom.ru/big2/28/178435-yana.jpg клипарт загружен с http://freegraphic.ru/pictures/769-kartnki-3d-chelovechki.html