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Women inventors Презентация урока на тему ”Женщины-изобретатели”подготовлена учителем английского языка МОУ СОШ № 27 г. Мытищи Московской области Копташкиной Н.В.
What is an invention? By definition, an invention is a new and useful machine or piece of work. Inventions can change the way you live. Many inventions started as flaws, but with time they improved and gave way to other inventions and discoveries. These inventions have given people a new world to live in.
Invention Timeline For each time period indicated below, name the invention that was created during that time period which had the greatest impact on you. 1900 _________________________________1920 _________________________________ 1940 _________________________________ 1960 _________________________________ 1980 _________________________________
Past Perfect Passive HAD + BEEN + V3 By 1900…... invented improved made discovered developed created ..... had been perfected patented designed found introduced built
Inventions Vocabulary List & Definitions Patent - a government grant to an inventor, giving for a specified period the exclusive right to make, use, or sell an invented device, process, or the like. The windshield or windscreen of an aircraft, car, bus, motorbike or tram is the front window. A windscreen wiper or windshield wiper is a device used to remove rain and snow from a windshield.
Inventions Vocabulary List & Definitions Artisan - a person skilled in making things, esp. with the hands; craftsperson. Safety pin is an object commonly used to fasten clothing together. Posterity - all generations to come.
Josephine Cochrane (1839-1913) She constructed wire compartments to fit plates and cups, and placed these inside a wheel that lied flat within a copper boiler. The wheel turned, powered by a motor, and soapy water squirted up over the dishes to clean them. In 1886, she patented her design. Soon restaurants and hotels became interested in it and made orders.
Safety Pin The modern safety pin was the invention of an american mechanic and artisan Walter Hunt (1796 – 1859).
Mary Anderson (1866-1953) Mary Anderson was granted her first patent for a window cleaning device in November of 1903. Her invention could clean snow, rain, or sleet from a windshield by using a handle inside the car. Her goal was to improve driver vision during stormy weather - Mary Anderson invented the windshield wiper. The windsheld wipers became standard equipment on all American cars by 1916.
The baby carriage The baby carriage was invented in 1733 by English architect William Kent for the 3rd Duke of Devonshire's children. William H. Richardson patented an improvement to the baby carriage in the United States on June, 18, 1889. You can view U.S. patent # 405,600 below.
Word Formation Lillian Gilbreth was an 1)…, engineer, INVENT and mother of twelve 2) …. She CHILD patented many kitchen appliances including an electric food 3) …, shelves MIX inside refrigerator doors and the trash can with a pedal lid -opener . Lillian Gilbreth 4) … one of the first BE 5) … to study the effects of stress SCIENCE And lack of sleep on the workers. She was an 6)… engineer for General INDUSTRY Electric and became the 7) … ONE women to be elected to the National Academy of Engineering.
CHECK YOUR ANSWERS 1 - inventor 2 – children 3 - mixer 4 – was 5 – scientists 6 - industrial 7 – first Put a mark for yourself. Follow this gradation. 7 correct answers – “5” 5-6 correct answers –”4” 3-4 correct answers – “3”
A dishwasher: for or against? Here you can see some discussion phrases. - From my point of view... – As far as I know... – There is no doubt... – It is quite obvious/ evident... – It goes without saying... – May I put a word in? – If you ask me... - In my opinion... – It seems to me... – To tell the truth... – And what about you? – As for me... – It just occurred to me… – Generally speaking... – Strictly speaking...
Hometask: If I Were A …… Choose any invention ever developed. Pretend you are this invention for the remaining questions. 1. Who created you? Where? 2. How do you benefit human life? 3. What would happen if humans could not make any more of you ever? 4. Is there anyone or thing on the Planet that you have negatively affected?