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W.Shakespear Life and creative work
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William Shakespeare (26 April 1564-23 April 1616) was an English poet , playwright and dramatist. His surviving works include at least 38 plays,154 sonnets, and a variety of other poems. He is called England’s national poet and the “Bard of Avon”. His works have been translated into every major living language. GOLD SHAKESPEARE Shakespeare’s Birthplace
W. Shakespeare was born and raised in Stratford-upon-Avon and at the age of 18 he married Anne Hathaway, with whom he had three children : Susanna, and twins Hamnet and Judith. Anne Hathaway was born in Shottery, a small village just to the west of Stratford-upon-Avon, England. Hathaway was 26 years of age when she married but Shakespeare was only 18.The age difference between William and Anne was typical of couples of their time. W. Shakespeare’s wife Anne’s native house W. Shakespeare (18 years old)
The most of their married life, he lived in London, writing and performing his plays, while Anne stayed in Stratford. When Shakespeare retired from the theatre in 1613,he chose to live in Stratford, not in London. The First Edition
SUSANNA HALL (1582 – 1648 ),was the eldest child of William Shakespeare and Anne Hathaway. She was born merely/только/ six months after her parents’ marriage. Along with her brother Hamnet and younger sister Judith, she was raised in Stratford – upon – Avon . Like most women in seventeenth century in England ,Susanna and her sister Judith never received any education and did not learn to read and write.
AUGUST 11,1596 Shakespeare’s son Hamnet died, and was buried, while his father was on tour in Kent. The cause of death is unknown , although PLAGUE/чума/ and FAMINE /голод/ were rife/распространенный/ at that time in the Stratford aria. Hamnet was 11 years old . He was the only son of W. Shakespeare . HAMNET’S GRAVE There were no more male children in William Shakespeare’s line.
Judith Quiney was the second daughter of W. Shakespeare and the twin of Hamnet. She was married in 1616 to Thomas Quiney, a vintner of Stratford - upon – Avon, in Holy Trinity Church. The couple settled in Stratford . Thomas left the town some years before his death, but Judith lived in Stratford until she died. Judith and Thomas had 3 children: Shakespeare, Richard and Thomas. Shakespeare died as an infant/младенец/ in 1617; Richard and Thomas died in 1639, 19 and 21 years old. By the time of her death in 1662, Judith had outlived /пережить/all of her children by seven years. Holy Trinity Church
Susanna and Dr. John Hall were married on 5 June 1607. She was 24 years old. They had only one child, a girl Elizabeth. She was born in 1608. Dr. Hall died suddenly in 1635 and was buried close to Shakespeare at Holy Trinity Church. Susanna died in 1649, at the good age of sixty – six. Her daughter and Shakespeare’s granddaughter Elizabeth Hall was well educated. Elizabeth and her first husband Her first husband was the wealthy barrister/адвокат/ Thomas Nash, son of Shakespeare ‘s good friend ,Anthony Nash .They lived in Abington Manor in New Place where Nash died in 1645. New Place
Four years later Elizabeth married her second husband, John Barnard, who was knighted /возведён в рыцарское достоинство/ in 1661 by Charles II. Elizabeth had no children and was Shakespeare’s last descendant /потомок/. She died in 1670, when she was 62 birthday. New Place
"All the world's a stage, and all the men and women merely players: they have their exits and their entrances; and one man in his time plays many parts..." It is not known exactly when Shakespeare began to write but several of his plays were on the London stage by 1592. In 1599, a partnership of company members built their own theatre on the south bank of the Thames, which they called the GLOBE.
The years 1594-1599 were great for Shakespeare. He produced a stream of plays of the highest quality. Finally in 1599, he became part owner in the playhouse in London, the Globe. The original Globe Theatre was build in 1599 by the playing company. It was destroyed by fire on June 29,1613. The Globe Theatre was rebuilt by June 1614 and closed in 1642. First Globe Theatre Modern Globe Theatre
A modern reconstruction of the original Globe named “Shakespeare’s Globe Theatre “ or the “New Globe Theatre” opened in 1997. STAGE NEW GLOBE THEATRE
Shakespeare produced most of his known work between 1590 and 1612. He is one of the few playwrights of the time considered to have excelled in both tragedy and comedy. SHAKESPEARE’S TRAGEDIES AND COMEDIES: 1.Julius Caesar 10.Twelfth Night 2.Macbeth 11.All ends well 3.Othello that ends well 4.King Lear 12.A Midsummer 5.Hamlet Night’s dream 6.Henry V 13.The Two Gentle- 7.Richard III men of Verona 8.Romeo and Juliet 9.Much Ado about nothing
Shakespeare’s Will In May 1602 Shakespeare bought a cottage opposite his great house in New Place, and lived there. He died aged 52 on 23 April 1616. Shakespeare was buried in the chapel of the Holy Trinity Church in Stratford-upon-Avon. His illness was unknown but Stratford’s vicar wrote that W. Shakespeare died from a feavour. Shakespeare’s funeral monument ,on the church wall nearest his grave has a bust of him posed in the act of writing . Shakespeare wrote his own epitaph.
“Good friends, for Jesus’ sake forbear To dig the dust enclosed here: Blessed be the man that spares these stones, And curst be he that moves my bones.” « Друг, ради Господа, не рой останков, взятых сей землей. Не тронувший -блажен в веках и проклят - тронувший мой прах.»